I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy; my FHEA teaching portfolio is available to read here. A previously compiled portfolio for accreditation as an Associate Fellow can be found here.


In the below list of lectures given in the past, largely intended for undergraduates, the following abbreviations are used: Prelims refers to the First Public Examination for students reading Linguistics (sat after 3 terms), Mods to that of those reading Classics (sat after 5 terms); Greats refers to the Second Public Examination in Classics (sat at the end of the degree, usually 4 years). These lecture are, however, also frequently attended by students reading for Master’s level qualifications in Latin and/or Greek Languages and Literature or General Linguistics and Comparative Philology.
Handouts, bibliographies, and other material may be available upon request.

See list of lectures
  • Introduction to Historical Linguistics (Prelims)
    1. Regularity, Reconstruction & Relationships
    2. Laws & Lawlessness: Sound Change and Analogy
    3. Meanings & Patterns: Syntactic and Semantic Change
    4. Leaving Genetics Behind: Language Contact
    5. Introduction to Comparative Philology (Mods)
      1. Introduction to Linguistics & Indo-European
      2. Basic Acoustics, Phonetics & Phonology
      3. Sound change
      4. Grammatical Change: Morphology
      5. Grammatical Change: Syntax & Semantics
      6. Linguistic Variation: Geography Factors
      7. Linguistic Variation: Social Factors
      8. Reconstruction & Indo-European
    6. Introduction to Linguistics for Classicists (Greats)
      1. Feature-based approaches to Phonetics and Phonology
      2. Auto-segmental phonology, stress, and tone
      3. Approaches to morphology and the question of the “word”
      4. Argument & phrase structure
    7. Linguistic Description of Greek (Greats)
      1. Tense, Aspect & Aktionsart
      2. Voice
      3. Discourse Cohesion I
      4. Discourse Cohesion II
      5. Constituent Order
      6. Sociolinguistics
    8. Linguistic Description of Latin (Greats)
      1. Constituent Order
      2. Discourse Cohesion
      3. Tense, Aspect & Aktionsart
      4. Voice
      5. Latin Sociolinguistics I: age, gender, status
      6. Latin Sociolinguistics II: politeness and directives
    9. Indo-European, Greek, and Latin: Historical Morphology (Mods/Greats)
    10. Advanced Topics in Indo-European Philology (Greats)


    Oxford tutorials consist of one-hour-long small group discussions (1–3 students, 1 tutor) of prepared essays (c. 2,000–2,500 words). Students base their writing on reading lists provided by the tutor, and receive written feedback.

    See list of tutorials
    • Grammatical Analysis (Prelims)
    • Historical Linguistics and Comparative Philology (Mods/Greats)
    • General Linguistics and Comparative Philology (Greats)
    • Greek Historical Linguistics (Greats)
    • Latin Historical Linguistics (Greats)
    • Armenian Historical Linguistics (PG)
    • History and Structure of Latin (PG)
    • History and Structure of Armenian (PG)

    Language Classes

    I teach Latin, Greek, and Classical Armenian at all levels, and also give reading classes in set texts, which have in the past included, inter alia: Homer, Herodotus, Lysias, Demosthenes, Libanius, Xenophon; Vergil, Cicero, Ovid, Caesar,  Sallust, Nepos.